Health Risks of Smoking Cigarettes

Sourced by: Choma Magazine ( – HIVSA Project

Unlike food and water, the body doesn’t need tobacco in the system. So, why then do we start smoking chomas? Is it because we think it looks cool? Do we do it to fit in with the popular crowd or do we do it because one of our relatives smokes? Some people smoke their first cigarette never thinking that they may end up as regular smokers. But, are we aware of the dangers of smoking cigarettes? Continuous tobacco smoking may result in health problems and in serious cases, may be fatal. I’ve slightly touched on the dangers of cigarette smoking and how bad it can be for your health, but not in detail. Here are the health risks of cigarette smoking chomas.

Health effects of smoking tobacco

1. Change in appearance on the face

Smoking negatively affects the appearance of your face causing you to age quicker and get deeper wrinkles. Smoking damages your skin which could be due to the heat from the cigarette directly burning the skin. It also yellows your teeth which is caused by tar and nicotine. Nicotine is a colourless chemical which turns yellow when mixed with oxygen. When the tobacco is placed in your mouth or inhaled, the nicotine and tar will settle in the front of your mouth and these substances will then try and get into your teeth causing your teeth to turn yellow.

Your skin will also start sagging and have more wrinkles which may be caused by the chemicals found in tobacco. The chemicals damage collagen and elastin which are fibres that give your skin its elasticity and strength.

2. Lung damage

If you remember smoking your first cigarette, you may have felt a pain or burning in your lungs and throat right? Others may have felt sick or even threw up the first few times of smoking a cigarette. This is your body defending itself against poisons from entering.

The chemicals in tobacco interfere with your body’s method of cleaning out air and your lungs. When the smoke gets into your lungs, it can lead to your body overproducing mucus – that’s why some smokers cough a lot to clear their throat.

The walls of your lungs have many sacs that hold the air. The smoke then damages these sacs and will end up in less oxygen getting into your blood.
That’s why smokers have a shortness of breath. This will eventually end up as lung disease if the smoking continues. In most cases, lung cancer is caused by cigarette smoking. And if you have asthma, the tobacco smoke can trigger an attack or make the attack worse.

3. Heart and blood vessels

The chemicals found in tobacco may harm your heart and blood vessels in many ways, namely:

  1. Increase the blood pressure (which leads to a stroke) and heart rate (which makes your heart work harder than normal).
  2. Damage the blood vessel walls, making them stiff and less elastic. Smokers are at a higher risk for clogged arteries in the legs because there’s not enough blood flow going to the leg muscles. This may cause pain in the legs when walking, for example, and if it’s not treated the lack in blood flow can lead to the legs being amputated/removed.
  3. Increase your chances of getting cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease (which may lead to a heart attack) or a stroke (when the part of the brain doesn’t get enough blood due to a clot or a burst blood vessel).

Tobacco found in cigarettes is dangerous chomas, and sometimes deadly. It is addictive, so it makes it harder to quit. Do you have any other risks you think I might have left out? Share in the comments below.

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